viernes, 6 de junio de 2008

Jesús Rafael Soto y sus obras del arte

(Ciudad Bolívar, 1923) Artista venezolano. A partir de influencias cubistas y constructivistas, se convirtió en uno de los principales representantes del arte cinético y óptico (Metamorfosis, 1954; Progresión amarilla, 1968; Extensión amarilla y blanca, 1979; Ambivalencia en el espacio y el clor, 1981). En 1988 realizó la Esfera Virtual para el Parque Olímpico de Escultura de Seúl. En los años noventa mostró su trabajo en Museum of Modern Art de Kamakura, Japón (1990), en el Centro Georges Pompidou de París (1993), en la Kunshalle de Colonia, Alemania (1993) y en el MOMA de Nueva York (1993).

Jesus Raphael Soto Biography

Untitled 3 by Jesus Raphael Soto

Jesus Raphael Soto Biography

Venezuela, 1923 - 2005

Well known Venezuelan artist who works in Kinetic Art style.

Energy is one of the elements most eye-catching in Soto´s work, especially his experimentation with visual effects, a key feature of Kinetic Art.

His early work consists of a transition from Mondrian´s traditional abstraction techniques to a more fluid expression that Soto uses in a later stage. There is a clear influence of Mondrian´s balance of lines and composition on Soto´s work, but Soto is determined to develop his own original style, totally independent from the natural world. Soto works with identical and multipliable elements to achieve an effect of total anonymity, removing it from subjective art.

Soto´s work surpasses the mere exploitation of visual effects and presents a concentration of energy where his images become, amidst a mental strain, a mirage. When Soto first came in contact with Kinetic Art in 1955 he was beginning to create superimpositions in Plexiglas. Soto's paintings began having sculptural qualities when he decided to add wires and metal bars on the background of paintings. This background interacts with these elements and seems to fight with them. Soto's work awakes the viewer's perception

Individual Exhibitions (Selection):

1962
Galerie Ad Libitum, Amberes, France.
Galerie Edouard Loeb, Paris, France.

1963
Haus Lange Museum, Krefeld, Germany.

1964
Galerie Muller, Stuttgart, Germany.

1965
Kootz Gallery, New York, United States.
Galerie Edouard Loeb, Paris, France.
Signals, London, England.

1966
Galerie Schmela, Dusseldorf, Germany.
Galleria del Navigho, Milan, Italy.
Kootz Gallery, New York
Galleria del Deposito, Genoa, Italy.
Centre de l'Art Vivant, Trieste, Italy.
Pfalzgalerie, Kaiserslautern, Germany.
Galeria del Cavallino, Venice, Italy.

1967
Galerie Denise Rene, Paris, France.

1968
Galerie Francoise Mayer, Brussels, Belgium.
Kunsthalle, Bern, Sweden.
Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover, Germany.
Stedelijk Museum, Ámsterdam, Holland.
Marlborough Galleria d'Arte, Rome, Italy.
Kunstverein fur die Rheinlande und Westfalen, Dusseldorf, Germany.

1969 Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium.
Galleria Lorenzelli, Bergamo, Italy.
Galleria Notizie, Turín, Italy.
Galleria del Navigho, Milan, Italy.
Galleria Flori, Florence, Italy.
Galleria Giraldi, Livorno, Italy.
Estudio Actual, Caracas, Venezuela
Musee d'Art Moderne de Ia VIIIE de Paris, France.
Svensk-Franska Kunstgalleriet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Marlborough Gerson Gallery, New York, United States.

1970
Galerie Suvremene Umietnosti Zagreb, Yugoslavia
Kunstverein, Mannheim, Germany.
Museum of Ulm, Germany.
Galerie Denise Rene, Paris, France.
Galerie Bonnier, Génova, Italy.
Galerie Godart Leffort, Montreal, Canada.
Galerie Semiha Huber, Zurich
Galerie Buchholz, Munich, Germany.

1971
Museum of Modern Art, Chicago, United States.
Kunstverein, Kaiserslautern, Germany.
Galerie Denise Rene, Dusseldorf, Germany.
Galerie Denise Rene, Dusseldorf, Germany.
Galleria Rotta, Milan, Italy.
Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela.
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, United States.

1972
Galerie Beyeler, Basilea, Switzerland.
Galerie Alice Pauli, Lausanne, Switzerland.
Galleria Levi, Milan, Italy.
Estudlo Actual, Caracas, Venezuela
Formes dt Muraux, Lyon, France. 1973
Galleria Corsini, Roma, Italy.
Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas
Galeria Arte/Contacto, Caracas, Venezuela
Estudio Dos, Valencia, Venezuela
Galeria Godel, Rome, Italy

1974
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, United States.
Galeria Arte/Contacto, Caracas, Venezuela
Galeria Denise Rene, New York, United States.

1975
Joseph Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, United States.
Galeria Arte/Contacto, Caracas, Venezuela

Work in Museums and Collections:

Moderna Musset Stockholm, Sweden.
Kaiser Wilhelm Museum, Krefeld, Germany.
Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela
Museu de Arte Moderna, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Tate Gallery, London, England.
Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium.
Fundacion Kaiser, Cordoba, Argentina
Riikmuseum Kroller. Colo Norway



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